What Are the Types of Brain Injuries and Levels of Severity

Personal Injury | December 27, 2022

A brain injury is any damage to the brain that can occur after a blow to the head or other type of accident. This can include concussions, contusions, or other types of trauma to the brain.

If you have suffered a brain injury, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Brain injuries can have a lasting impact on your health, so it is important to get the treatment you need to recover.

What Are the Types of Brain Injuries and Levels of Severity

What Causes a Brain Injury

There are many possible causes of brain injury, including physical trauma, stroke, aneurysms, and tumors. In some cases, the exact cause of the brain injury may not be known.

  • Physical trauma is the most common cause of brain injury, and can occur due to a fall, a car accident, or a blow to the head.
  • Stroke is another common cause of brain injury, and happens when the blood supply to the brain is cut off. This can be due to a blockage or a bleed.
  • Aneurysms are another potential cause of brain injury, and are weak spots in the blood vessels that can rupture and cause bleeding in the brain.
  • Tumors can also cause brain injury by putting pressure on the brain or by causing bleeding.

In some cases, the exact cause of brain injury may not be known. This can be the case with brain injuries that occur due to stroke or aneurysms, as the underlying cause may not be apparent. It can also be the case with brain injuries that occur due to physical trauma, as the exact mechanism of the injury may not be known.

What Are the Types of Brain Injuries

There are many different types of brain injuries that can occur, each with its own unique set of symptoms and effects. The severity of a brain injury can range from mild (concussion) to severe (coma or vegetative state).

The most common types of brain injuries include:

Concussions

A concussion is a mild form of brain injury that can occur after a blow to the head. Concussions can cause temporary changes in brain function, such as confusion, dizziness, and headache. Most people who suffer a concussion will fully recover within a few days or weeks.

Contusions

A contusion is a bruise on the brain. Contusions occur when the brain is hit with enough force to cause bleeding. Contusions can be small or large, and may require surgery to remove.

Diffuse Axonal Injury

Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) is a type of brain injury that occurs when the brain is shaken violently. This can happen in a car accident, for example, when the head is whipped back and forth. DAI can cause serious damage to the brain, and often leads to coma or vegetative state.

Penetrating Injuries

Penetrating injuries occur when an object penetrates the skull and enters the brain. This can happen in a gunshot wound, for example. Penetrating injuries can be very serious, and often require surgery to repair the damage.

Anoxic Brain Injury

An anoxic brain injury occurs when the brain is deprived of oxygen. This can happen if the heart stops beating (cardiac arrest), or if someone drowns. Anoxic brain injuries can be very serious, and often lead to coma or vegetative state.

What Are the Levels of Brain Injuries

There are many different ways to measure the severity of a brain injury, but the most common scale used is the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS). This scale ranges from 3 (in a coma) to 15 (fully awake and alert), and is based on a number of different factors, including eye-opening, motor response, and verbal response.

Generally speaking, a brain injury is considered to be more severe if it results in a lower GCS score. However, it is important to note that this is only a general guideline, and that there are many other factors that can affect the severity of a brain injury, such as the location of the injury and the age of the patient.

Mild Brain Injuries

A mild brain injury is any type of brain injury that results in a brief loss of consciousness or a brief period of confusion or disorientation. Although mild brain injuries are not typically life-threatening, they can still have a significant impact on a person’s life.

Common symptoms of a mild brain injury include headaches, dizziness, fatigue, difficulty sleeping, difficulty concentrating, and mood swings. These symptoms can last for weeks or even months after the initial injury.

Moderate Brain Injuries

Moderate brain injuries are any type of brain injury that results in a loss of consciousness for more than 30 minutes or a period of confusion or disorientation for more than 24 hours.

Common symptoms of a moderate brain injury include headaches, dizziness, fatigue, difficulty sleeping, difficulty concentrating, and mood swings. These symptoms can last for weeks or even months after the initial injury.

Moderate brain injuries can also cause more serious long-term effects, such as problems with memory and cognition, personality changes, and depression.

Severe Brain Injuries

Severe brain injuries are any type of brain injury that result in a loss of consciousness for more than 24 hours or a period of confusion or disorientation for more than seven days.

Common symptoms of a severe brain injury include headaches, dizziness, fatigue, difficulty sleeping, difficulty concentrating, and mood swings. These symptoms can last for weeks or even months after the initial injury.

Severe brain injuries can also cause more serious long-term effects, such as problems with memory and cognition, personality changes, and depression. In other cases, a severe brain injury can cause permanent brain damage, coma, or even death.

There are many different types of brain injuries that can occur, each with its own unique set of symptoms and effects.

How Much Is the Compensation for Brain Injuries

The amount of compensation that a person can receive for a brain injury will vary depending on the severity of the injury. In general, the more severe the injury, the higher the compensation. For example, a person with a mild brain injury may receive a few thousand dollars in compensation, while a person with a severe brain injury may receive millions of dollars.

There are many factors that will affect the amount of compensation a person receives for a brain injury. Some of these factors include the severity of the injury, the age of the victim, the victim’s employment history, and the victim’s future earning potential. In some cases, the victim’s family may also be entitled to compensation for their loss.

Conclusion

There are many types of brain injuries, ranging from mild concussions to more severe traumatic brain injuries. The severity of a brain injury depends on the extent of the damage to the brain. If you or a loved one have suffered a brain injury, it is important to speak with an experienced personal injury attorney to discuss your legal options. An experienced personal injury attorney can help you navigate the complex legal process and fight for the compensation you deserve.

AK Law Firm is has a team of personal injury attorneys in Houston that can help you understand the compensation you may be entitled to and will fight to get you the maximum amount of compensation possible. We understand the challenges you are facing and will work diligently to get you the best possible outcome. Let us help you navigate the claims process and ensure that you are fairly compensated for your injuries. Contact us today for a free consultation.